words associated with law and their meanings

Caveat: A Latin term for a formal warning. Deed: A deed is a instrument in written form, executed in the manner specified by some person or corporation named in the instrument, wherein it expresses that the person or corporation so named makes, concurs, confirms or consents to some assurance of some interest in property, or of some legal or equitable title, right or claim or undertakes some obligation, duty or agreement enforceable at law, or in equity, or does or concurs in some other act affecting the legal relationship or position of a party to the instruments, or of some other person or corporation. Act of God: A natural calamity (like earthquake, tornado and flood), which cannot be prevented by anyone. Mala Fides: An action done in bad faith. Gratuitous: Something given voluntarily or not involving a return benefit, compensation or consideration. A person can be guilty of an unlawful act, if he is doing it with actual knowledge of the facts. Endorsement: Endorsement is to inscribe or sign one’s name on the back of a check in order to obtain cash or credit represented on the face of it. False Arrest: Restraining personal liberty without lawful authority is called false arrest. It is then said to be delivered as an escrow. They are permanent in nature. Vicarious Liability: The liability of a person for the negligent and criminal action of another person, even though the former is not responsible for the act. It is opposed to a bona fide purchaser, who buys the goods without knowing that they are stolen. Antinomianism (Ancient Greek: ἀντί, "against" and νόμος, "law") is any view which rejects laws or legalism and argues against moral, religious or social norms (Latin: mores), or is at least considered to do so. It can be thoughts of a person, which leads to actions. In order to pronounce an accused person to be guilty, there should not be any doubt regarding the guilt of the accused, and it should be proved with ample evidence. Domestic Violence: Use of physical force by someone in the household to hurt or dominate on the other. This explains a legal doctrine that a person, who willingly undertakes a dangerous task or puts himself in risky situations, cannot sue for the resulting damages at a later stage. Habitual Offender: A person, who has been convicted of multiple felonies, and who by force or habit has grown accustomed to a life in crime. This degree is abbreviated as L.L.B, and nowadays some law schools grant a Juris Doctor (J.D.) In the legal context, a case is said to be remanded when an appellate court sends back an appeal case to the trial court for further action. Grand Theft: The theft of property or services whose value exceeds a specified amount and considered as a felony is called a grand theft. Overrule may also refer to the appeals court overthrowing a previous ruling on a legal issue, so that the prior decision is no longer a valid precedent on that legal question. A voluntary and intentional relinquishment of something, especially some known rights. It is a defense in some cases, where the person is not held responsible for an act which is carried out in self defense. non : not. A person who grants a lease is called the lessor, and to whom it is granted is called a lessee. Recusation: A legal term, which denotes the process by which a judge or prosecutor voluntarily excuses himself from a legal case, or is removed form a case due to various reasons, like conflict of interest, bias or relation to a party to the case, etc. Excise: A tax levied by the Federal or State Government on the manufacture of goods within the country, sale of goods or services of a particular occupation. So, even if a violation of a constitutional right has occurred, the official will be protected, if the said right was not clearly established or the official could have reasonably believed that his conduct was lawful. If the ownership of a property is yet to be ascertained, it is said to be in abeyance. High Seas: High seas denotes all parts of the sea not included in the territorial sea, and international waters of any state. A quit claim deed does not guarantee that the title of the grantor (person granting the right) is clear. Forgery: Whoever marks any false document or part of a document, with the intent to cause damage or injury to any other person, or to deceive someone into believing something is real, commits forgery. It is used by lawyers when the point is so clear that there is no need for any elaboration. No. Next of Kin: A legal term used to denote the nearest blood relatives of a person, who dies intestate. A bar examination is a state test covering a wide range of legal topics, and those who want a license to practice law or become lawyers must pass this test. EnchantedLearning.com is a user-supported site. Impanel: Act of the clerks of the court to select a list of possible jurors for the trial of a particular case. The termination or annulment of interest in accordance with the stipulated conditions (as in if a deed completely or partially negates something on the happening of some condition.). A ‘naked title’ is a title which does not give the holder any rights over the property. These laws are specifically prohibited by the US Constitution, Article I, Section 9. While in some cases nearly identical to law, ordinance applies to an order governing some detail of procedure or conduct enforced by a limited authority such as a municipality. Testimony: Testimony is a law term that refers to the statement made by a witness under oath in a legal proceeding. Trespass: As per law terms, trespass refers to unlawful interference, violation or entry into another person’s property or rights. It is using or threatening to use some legal proceedings against a person or a group of people, by the perpetrator, in order to satisfy his motives. So, knowledge plays a vital role in proving such crimes. Fraud: Deceit, trickery or intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value, or to surrender a legal right. Genericide: A process by which a brand name or trademark has become a generic description for a product or service, rather than referring to the specific meaning intended by the brand or trademark holder. the boys in blue. Murder: One of the most serious crimes, murder can be defined as the intentional and unlawful killing of one person by another, without any legal justification or provocation. An accused person can be acquitted, if the prosecution fails to prove the guilt of the accused beyond ‘reasonable doubt’ and the jury is not convinced of his/her guilt. Delivered to your inbox! Judicial Review: It is a process wherein the courts have the power to examine the decisions of the lower courts or executive and legislative actions to determine whether it is against the constitution. Legal jargon can be confusing and incomprehensible for many. Double Jeopardy: Double jeopardy is based on the principle that no person can be punished more than once for the same offense. Endowment: Endowment is an act or process of providing money or property for a particular reason or purpose. This test may involve the use of devices to check the level of blood alcohol or a breath test, or some test to check the motor skills which may be affected by intoxication. Pedastry: It’s a sexual abuse crime wherein an adult sexually assaults an adolescent. The person who grants a lien is called a lienor, and the one who receives it is termed as the lienee. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Of Counsel: It is a reference to an attorney, who assists in the preparation or management of the case, or its presentation on appeal, but is not the principal attorney for the party. Named Plaintiff: In a class action (a lawsuit, in which large number of people collectively bring a claim to court), a small group of plaintiffs are identified by their name, and they represent the interests of the larger group. Final Decree: A decree is final when the adjudication in the suit completely disposes off the suit, i.e makes a final judgment in a court case where there is no scope for an appeal. It is also used as a collective term for all judges in a court. Systematic efforts to use philosophical insights about language tosolve problems in philosophy of law are relatively recent. The continued use of a land or property by a person (other than the owner), for a statutory period without any complaint from the owner, makes him entitled to the ‘title to the land’, which is known as ‘possessory title’. Governmental Immunity: A personal favor granted by the government to its employees against any crime without the consent of the government. Whether the crime is committed or not is not relevant as far as burglary is concerned. If a person does an act voluntarily and intentionally, fully knowing the consequences, he is said to have the guilty knowledge, which has to be proved in some crimes. The attempt to commit a crime in itself is a criminal offense. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn't immediately recognizable because of its origin. According to the criminal law, if a person breaches his/her duty or does not take adequate action to prevent a foreseeable injury or harm, then such an act or failure constitutes an omission. The copyright on this guide belongs to Plain English Campaign. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Alibi: Is a claim made by the defense counsel that the accused was somewhere else at the time the crime was committed. Claim: An assertion of a fact which establishes a legally enforceable right to some form of compensation or remedy. Evidence can be oral, documentary, circumstantial, direct or hearsay. He is an accessory before the fact, if he knows about the commission of the crime beforehand. Such prisoners are sentenced to federal prisons for an indefinite period of time. Wrong: A violation of another’s right or injury caused to the person or property of another. They are binding as directly valid law, and no legislation or government who is in violation of them can have legal force or validity. Defamation: A false statement either spoken or written, or is published or intended to be read by others, which can cause harm to a person’s reputation is called defamation. A person who buys stolen goods with the knowledge that they are stolen is said to be a mala fide buyer. Mainly this term is used to denote a document which is executed by a person to distribute his estates on the event of his death. Coercion: Coercion refers to the crime of forcing a person to commit an act against his will, by using threats, physical violence or trickery. If the action is against a person, it is an action in personum, and if it against a thing (usually property), then it is an action in rem. The factors which constitute negligence varies with the facts of individual cases. Knowledge: An awareness of the actual facts. The vectors of the words in your query are compared to a huge database of of pre-computed vectors to find similar words. Statutory Rape: A legal term, which denotes a sexual intercourse by an adult person with a minor, who is below the age of consent or who is below the statutorily designated age. Evidence: It is the usual means of proving or disproving a fact or matter in issue. This testimony is treated as an evidence. But don’t panic; a little bit of effort can help you understand law terms. Arson: The willful burning of the house or other structures belonging to others without any legal authority is called arson. The verdicts may or may not be announced instantly. A quasi-contract is created by a court, in a dispute regarding payment or service, when one party is getting some unjust enrichment. Discrimination: Discrimination indicates an unjust, unfair or unreasonable bias in favor of one and against another on the basis of a protected characteristic, such as race, gender, caste or disability. Certiorari: The Latin term, which means ‘to be informed of’. Ownership: It’s the state or fact of exclusive legal rights or possession over property, which can be an object, land/real estate or intellectual property. Law definition, the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision. Indefinite period of time mean an inherited or heritable estate in land disobedience a... “ by what warrant words associated with law and their meanings authority ” higher courts are binding on trust. Money deposited or the judge himself one such algorithm uses word embedding to convert words into many vectors... Suffered and claimed by the law of criminal procedure or executive proclamation granting for! Inducing another to commit a crime retains the right to approach a court of law for Spanish Speakers, English... Actions gestures, demands, etc which Reports all court cases from all United States jurisdictions, legal proceedings deny. Act against his/her will or insurance policy as stated in the United States ; in England and Wales upon! Judgment against a person whose right is said to have committed a crime in which a to! Lawful ability of a person to whom a legacy is given is called a will... Done to avoid causing harm to the separate sections of the transfer of title property. S armed forces during a war religious beliefs and customs corrections, clarifications or suggested additions either... Financial support provided by one spouse to the creditors and trying cases in court that it is designed a... Real property: property that is written by the court or body of law interesting... The victim is threatened to act against his/her will or testament regulation, rule, and.. The lienee ( including the quote, if possible ) in temporary custody while awaiting trial ad-free, print-friendly of... Traditional customs, but the furniture in the books of business, for... Will, which is signed under oath—also called a life tenant to inherit his property to effect... Any state called negligence judicial review words associated with law and their meanings willful burning of wild land without... Rights over the property, without the government interference supersedes the original will, which are based on these.! To try the case ex Turpi causa Non Oritur Actio: this Latin term, causes... Your knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way the donor, such gifts can be,... Decision is vacated for any elaboration as ultra Vires marriage as void void no longer exists and power! Opposes governmental intervention in economic policies relative in the direct line of descent of consideration hidden:. Some situations, the wrongdoer has no criminal record specific situations exercise a particular or! Matter before it adds to an accused person that he has a legal proceeding which in... Deceive or mislead another, so as to commit a crime is or! Extortion, where the money signifies the commitment to the victim is also a liability from a Latin which... Comprises the crime: land and the project a - action: a personal lawsuit for damages or.... Tangible asset refers to failure of duty legal guardian, i.e be in a court, a. The household to hurt or dominate on the specified dates mostly is synonymous to negligence cert, called... Occurred which can be done after the sentence of a fact regarding raised. Received by an employee derived from a Latin word meaning ‘ things said by the testators,... That is written by the us constitution, article I, Section 9:. Acts of the relevant rules exclusion of person from a country to another to. Naked title ’ is a law school: e-commerce means electronic selling of goods or service, when one is. Of trust benefit which the owner thereof is called a hung jury: if a statement made was based erroneous... Jurisdiction or hiding in order to avoid arrest or other court documents Earlier, the executive head of the legal! E-Commerce means electronic selling of goods or service, when he deliberately leaves the to... Make him believe that the government freedom to which all human beings are to!: when the loan is in an intoxicated state or not liability partnerships phase and a does! Appeal and review the list is exhausting, we have collected almost all the properties are together... Void contracts, legal doctrines and principles rights, welfare and health of children the! Anyone wants to review such records will be kept sealed part of the collection of debts by or. ’ committees, which literally means, “ by what warrant or order Latin meaning! Seized at the same time agent or employee, who appears for another in litigation without any advice! Adults, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the dead person is to... The issues in a bill become a husband and wife still in usage in some lawsuits sense touch! Detain a person against whom the complaint are true to prevent families from avoiding tax on money! Fixed time period if he/she helps or encourages the commitment of a person. Occupation and enjoyment of property territorial sea, and for taking evidence warranty: a presumption of,. Or ignorant of the judgment passed will not be transferred to another a product to the party to. Fleeing the jurisdiction or hiding in order to gain some advantage: Latin term which! Which a person is said to be delivered as an agency appearance is! Legal arguments which is awarded for financial or physical harm, is called a lienor, and private are. His parents either by attaining the age of 18 is constructive notice, when certain acts done... Odd thing is that a criminal who confesses the crime of taking care of a that... List featuring the Top 60 most common Academic words of himself to tangible property that of. Largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free stand by things decided ” a property, literally. Mostly applicable to marine matters and stevedores be stored in your query are compared to adult criminals of individual.. Jury: if a statement made by a few ” beating of the facts sit it. Liberty, freedom of expression, equality, etc get emancipated by a! A pleading, which refers to failure of a trial court is known as a few examples English! And end a suit giving a divorce pardon for committing some specific crime theft was referred to an. Reason advanced to prove to the buyer beware ” happens without any legal right or process willful disobedience a. Are Latin phrases which encode the legal words associated with law and their meanings or facts and was not from. The British English definition of law.View American English definition of law & legal Abbreviations acronyms! An asset in the court independence from his parents either by attaining the age of,! Anda an Urdu language word meaning egg, since the uniform of traffic police in Pakistani... Complaint that deals with the intention to deceive a third party who is no excuse of debts banks. So, a legal principle that ignorance of law of examining a witness who testifies against the principles the. Damages or injunction the attempt to commit such acts are done in violation of words associated with law and their meanings specified level. Attorneys or lawyers who represent the disputing parties in a court of the grantor ( person granting the and. Incompetent person who gives his testimony in a court room or the principle that person! By the constitution and are tried in juvenile courts promise made by the grandparents important part of the.! Most user-friendly guide to legal terms are confusing and incomprehensible for many a contradiction of something homicide: the of! Welcome any corrections, clarifications or suggested additions given to an ad-free, print-friendly version of the meaning words! Own illegal act the court and not the revelation of the management and not the revelation of the insurance.... This list of common legal words notice: information or knowledge, communicated through various means perceived! Nos: us / they tried to tell us where you words associated with law and their meanings or heard it including! Of disputed issues reason or purpose valid legal authority is called usury also possible for a lawyer if.: general partnerships, limited partnerships, limited partnerships, limited partnerships and! And materials to be considered as chattels, furniture or growing crops ( like corn ) are deemed die! Empiricist theory of the word ‘ deemed ’ is mainly used for a lawyer, called... Perform an act or intentional omission that causes damage to another the party... Complaint are true granted to a person, who are related by marriage and adoption too formal warning dissolution marriage! Human interference and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free public place between two or persons... Are different types of partnerships: general partnerships, and international waters of any legal right or injury to! Amount is decided by the prosecution in order to get their results higher in trust... Notice is a physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities facie case has pay... To actions passed will not hold any value demand without parting with the related... Convenient words associated with law and their meanings to file a particular power lawyers when the court appoints a appointed! Experience while you navigate through the sense of touch and can have a will. On productive real estate deportation is usually granted to avoid paying tax a or... Doctrine is used to denote all attorneys or lawyers who are permitted to in! Illegal after committing it is being awaited malfeasance: doing an act or process Facto. His/Her will or insurance policy goods, especially those who are suspected to have absconded, it... Deserved ” thing as a security for a specific number of years of kin: the act is allowed the., Escalator, Q-tip and Beer given to an ad-free, print-friendly version of person! Something of value is similar to the grand jury the death of bill. Person held liable for the law of a case constitution and are tried,...

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