where did providence plantations come from?

In time, they were largely forgotten. By the early 1700s, enslaved Africans were working on farms in the East Bay communities near Newport — Portsmouth, Middletown, Bristol, Jamestown — harvesting crops, shearing sheep and pressing apples for cider. The Rev. But now, with other racist tropes drawing fresh scrutiny — from Confederate flags and statues to the movie “Gone With the Wind” — it’s time for Rhode Island to make the change. While the official state name includes “Providence Plantations” in reference to the mainland colony founded by Roger Williams in 1636, Raimondo said … Where did Rhode Island's state name come from, which histories does it refer to, and what does it mean now in RI communities? Removing the phrase from the state's official name would have to be approved by the Legislature before being put before voters as a constitutional amendment. Rhode Island, one of the original 13 colonies, traces its history back to Providence Plantations, founded by Roger Williams in 1636. In South Kingstown, 1 in 5 residents were enslaved, compared to less than 3 percent in the rest of New England. The notion of a plantation has changed through history, from the medieval Latin “planting” to a settlement or farm when the Pilgrims founded Plimoth Plantation in 1620 and Roger Williams followed 16 years later with Providence Plantations. … Rhode Island Gov. Rhode Island slave traders transported more than 100,000 Africans into bondage. Providence Plantations: Exploring the History and Meanings. Event Details. Officially, Rhode Island was incorporated as The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations when it declared statehood in 1790. Although the state did not have the large, slave-holding plantations most … At the Anglican meeting house in South Kingstown, the Rev. Gina Raimondo said it should be up to voters to decide if "Providence Plantations" is removed from the state's full name due to slavery implications. Gina Raimondo has signed an executive order to take the first step in order to get rid of the state’s full name, which includes the word “plantations,” the New York Post reported on Tuesday.. The Providence Plantations were the first white settlements in Rhode Island. Roger Williams founded a settlement called Providence Plantations in 1636, while Anne Hutchinson and her followers founded a separate settlement a year later, on what is now Aquidneck Island, but was known at the time as Rhode Island. Thu, Oct 29, 2020 at 4:30 PM. There have been efforts to drop the "Providence Plantations" before by those who say it evokes the legacy of slavery. Regardless of its original meaning, Metts, who traces his lineage to an enslaved woman on a Virginia plantation, says the word is “hurtful,” conjuring images of enslaved blacks toiling in Southern fields. One enslaved African was stripped, beaten, and tied to a stake in a swamp and left for the mosquitoes. One of America's original 13 colonies, Rhode Island traces its roots to Providence Plantations, a settlement established by Roger Williams. By the dawn of the American Revolution, economic forces and rising abolitionist sentiment had put an end to Rhode Island’s slave plantations. I stript and gave him a few lashes till he begged. The move comes after several weeks of meetings with community and youth leaders and is an effort to address racial inequities in the state following a national push for progress after George Floyd's killing last month, the Democratic governor said. “The word ‘plantation’ did not carry connotations of slavery in 1636, when the colony of Providence Plantations was established by Roger Williams,” the university said in a statement. A Bristol slaver told his nephew, “I would plow the ocean into pea-porridge to make money.”. PROVIDENCE – A majority of Rhode Islanders whose votes had been counted by shortly after midnight supported a proposal to remove “and Providence Plantations” from the … On the west side of Narragansett Bay, an aristocratic class known as Narragansett planters operated large plantations, some covering a few … In addition to the executive order, Raimondo has directed the state Department of Administration to institute mandatory implicit bias training for all executive branch employees and develop for more comprehensive equity training. Rhode Island will remove the phrase "Providence Plantations" in the state's formal name from some official documents and executive agency websites, Gov. Gina Raimondo signed an executive order to that could lead to “and Providence Plantations” being removed from the state’s official name (Rhode Island and Providence Plantations). Look no farther than remarks this week by Rhode Island Speaker Nicholas Mattiello, who said that while the question should go to voters, he has to educate himself because “I originally did not think we had actual slavery in Rhode Island.”, Within a generation, Roger Williams’ “lively experiment” in tolerance was subverted by greed, commerce and land speculation. There, he planted the seed of religious freedom that would bloom a century-and-a-half later in the First Amendment to the US Constitution. Rhode Island never had large farms on the scale of slave plantations in the South, but it certainly did have slaves. The … Their Southern-style agricultural economy relied on slave labor to produce exports of meat, dairy products and livestock, including the prized Narragansett Pacer horse, to the American South and the Caribbean. Rhode Island was incorporated as The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations when it declared statehood in 1790. The smallest state has the longest official name: State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. In the 18th Century, Rhode Island became the leading American colony in the African slave trade, including members of the Brown family, who gave Brown University its name. The enslaved were buried at the bottom of the hill outside, in the segregated cemetery, their graves marked by plain fieldstones. But Metts said he … History has largely forgotten, though, that Rhode Island also had plantations, and not the kind cultivated by yeoman New England farmers. Raimondo said … Worried about unsupervised gatherings of freed and enslaved Blacks, Rhode Island first outlawed them, then co-opted them. Gina Raimondo and General Assembly leaders all struck the word plantations from their official documents this summer, as did Providence Mayor Jorge Elorza. James MacSparran, who owned nine Africans (not counting the daughter of one that he baptized and then sold), preached of the sanctity of the master-slave relationship and the importance of holding the next world above their present suffering. The clergyman Roger Williams, banished by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay for propagating "new and dangerous opinions," founded the Providence Plantations in June 1636. Gov. Today, Rhode Islanders should reflect on that past, and pay their respects by removing “Providence Plantations” from its name. Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo has signed an Executive Order as a first step to change the formal name of Rhode Island. Though it was the first colony to … Gina Raimondo and General Assembly leaders all struck the word ‘plantations’ from their official documents this summer, as did Providence Mayor Jorge Elorza. MacSparran wrote in his diary of a disobedient slave, “I got up this morning early, and finding Hannibal had been out . It was established by a group of colonists led by Roger Williams and Dr. John Clarke who left Massachusetts Bay Colony in order to establish a colony with greater religious freedom. "Rhode Island was founded on the principles of acceptance and tolerance, and our state's name - and actions - should reflect those values.". She also directed the Rhode Island State Police to form an outreach team to work with community leaders to find ways for police to better serve residents, and to develop a plan to equip all state police troopers with body-worn cameras. According to US Today: “Gov. In … Discipline was harsh. The folks in ‘Providence Plantations’ were among the first principled opponents of slavery anywhere in the Americas, certainly in New England and by … This isn't the first time the state has attempted to change its name: When the state tried in 2010, 78% of voters opposed the removal of "Providence Plantations." The horses of the wealthy land-owners were on this day all surrendered to the use of the slaves, and with cues, real or false, head pomatumed and powdered, cocked hat, mounted on the best Narragansett pacers, sometimes with their masters’ sword, with their ladies on pillions, they pranced to election, which commenced generally, at 10 o’clock.”. . Successfully ending a campaign that began over 10 years ago, a referendum to remove “Providence Plantations” from the state name of Rhode Island passed on Tuesday with a vote of 52.9 percent approval, according to the Rhode Island Board of Elections.Rhode Island is the first state to change its name without a change of territory, according to the website of Vote Yes on One, an … The Department of Administration is also looking at state contracting practices to ensure that minority-owned businesses have an equal shot at landing state contracts, Raimondo's statement said. The “plantations” portion has come under increased scrutiny following widespread protests after the killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor. Kristin Knudson-Groh, Neighbor. On the west side of Narragansett Bay, an aristocratic class known as Narragansett planters operated large plantations, some covering a few hundred acres, in what is now Narragansett, South Kingstown and North Kingstown. Detail “Rhode Island and the rest of the Colonie of Providence Plantations” in the Charter of 1663 by King Charles II. Conversations around the history of slavery had been pushed to the margins for many decades. . The Associated Press projected that with 100% of the state's precincts reporting, the ballot question to remove "and Providence Plantations" passed with nearly 53% of … 'Providence Plantations' was the name of the first European American settlement in Rhode Island, founded in 1636 by a group led by Roger Williams, who left … The state's official name is "the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations," and the "Providence Plantations" portion has come under scrutiny in … The seal of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. The Narragansett planters grew wealthy, investing in slave-trading voyages and building manor houses modeled after English country gentry, filled with imported linens and silks, porcelain and silver. Providence Plantations was the first permanent European American settlement in Rhode Island. They toiled on large plantations, scarred by their master’s lash, grieving when their children were sold away from them, branded and maimed if they tried to run away. Rhode Island Gov. The name "Providence Plantations" comes from the state's founder, Roger Williams. Mike Stanton is a journalism professor at the University of Connecticut. This all happened down south before the Civil War — down in southern Rhode Island. Rhode Island voters will decide on Election Day whether or not to remove the phrase “Providence Plantations” from the state’s official name. Oct29. As in the South, enslaved Africans in Rhode Island were forced to attend church. Providence Plantations became the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, which became the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations after the American Revolution. Those calls have intensified recently as protesters across the country have called for racial justice since Floyd's May 25 death at the hands of Minneapolis police. Black leaders say the word “plantations” conjures up images of slavery and serves as a … "Our work to dismantle systemic racism in Rhode Island did not start today and it will not end today, but we can rise together and make meaningful progress toward racial equity now," Raimondo said in a statement. Mirroring rituals on Southern plantations, the Narragansett planters on the third week of June sponsored “Election Day” fairs in which slaves elected a “Negro governor.” It was both a rare opportunity for them to celebrate and a demeaning spectacle. The "plantations" part of the name has come under increased scrutiny following widespread protests after the killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor. About this Event Providence Plantations: Exploring the History and Meanings of Rhode Island's State Name. Today, Rhode Islanders should reflect on that past, and pay their respects by removing “Providence Plantations” from its name. Thursday, Oct. 29, 4:30-6:00 pm. This enabled the notorious slave plantations of the West Indies to exclusively grow sugar cane. Rhode Island will remove the phrase "Providence Plantations" in the state's formal name from some official documents and executive agency websites, Gov. In Portsmouth, coroner’s inquests of Africans who had died violently concluded that they had died accidentally. Gov. A similar history has been buried in Rhode Island, he says. They enjoyed hunting parties and horse races on Narragansett beach. However the community has and is reclaiming this experience confronting the history of slavery in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations thanks to … As Harry was untying him, my poor passionate dear (wife) saying I had not given him enough, gave him a lash or two, upon which he ran.” Newspapers carried ads for runaway slaves, many with distinguishing scars. A white South Kingstown resident described the ceremony: “The slaves assumed the power and pride and took the relative rank of their masters, and it was degrading to the reputation of the owner if his slave appeared in inferior apparel, or with less money than the slave of another master of equal wealth. Rhode Island Gov. Amid the calls for racial justice that have swept America since George Floyd’s death at the hands of a white police officer, the Rhode Island Senate on Thursday unanimously passed a bill to let voters decide this November whether to shorten the state’s name, “State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations” and strike the racially offensive “plantations.” The sponsor is the Senate’s lone African-American member, Harold M. Metts, who sponsored a similar measure a decade ago that voters emphatically rejected, 78 to 22 percent. "The word 'plantation' did not carry connotations of slavery in 1636, when the colony of Providence Plantations was established by Roger Williams," the university said in a statement. Gina Raimondo said Monday in announcing an executive order. Raimondo's order will remove the phrase "Providence Plantations" from gubernatorial orders and citations, executive agency websites, official correspondence, and state employee pay stubs.

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